At the time, new lands were higher left behind steppes. So you can settle and cultivate her or him, the federal government from Catherine II desired overseas colonists. These people were generally Germans. A sizeable section of her or him was basically this new Mennonites from Prussia and you may Danzig.
In 1786, Prince Potemkin delivered to Germany their subscribed member R. Trappe so you’re able to “generate colonists with the the fresh new Russian region.” The original Mennonite families compensated toward isle regarding Khortytsya in the the brand new area of your Dnipro, throughout the Tauride province to the Molochna Lake (most recent Melitopol and you can Berdyansk districts), Yekaterinoslav state (today Dnipropetrovsk).
Deacons aided at baptism while the Lord’s Supper
So it spiritual movement is actually created in XVI 100 years throughout the Netherlands by the a former Catholic priest Menno Simons. Even with extreme distinctions to the particular factors of the philosophy, extremely Mennonites follow the fresh new pre-Dordrecht confession, that has been in the long run created at an event held within the 1632 into the the Dutch town of Dordrecht (Dort). Millennialism – a belief on the certain establishment regarding millennial Empire of Goodness on earth is typical towards the Mennonites.
The new Mennonite baptism is carried out for the a conscious age when good body’s able to make their own decision. In addition to, the new baptism is not noticed good sacrament, but the rite becoming did (in the most common groups because of the raining) for individuals from the age off twelve so you can 18 years. The latest Mennonites habit the fresh new Lord’s Supper (communion because they are entitled). At the same time, the brand new Mennonites do not rely on the genuine presence of God Christ about Eucharist. Other Mennonite rite is actually mutual laundry away from ft. Revealing fraternal kisses is additionally considered a mandatory ceremony.
Really Mennonites won’t enroll to army and you will civil service, do not give oaths due to religion. Into the conservative Mennonite chapel groups, the latest excommunication getting sin is used. Believers should don effortless clothing, and you may lady shelter the brains at worship. The Mennonites manage rigid church punishment, disapprove off marriage ceremonies with people in other faiths.
To remind immigrants to take around cultivation uninhabited steppes of your South, Catherine II offered them lots of advantages: perpetual versatility from the hiring duty, taxation exception to this rule to own ten years, 65 miles of belongings to each family, five hundred rubles to possess travel therefore the acquisition of materials to the structure and also for the purchase of agricultural inventory. In turn, the new Mennonites was required to offer rentals and you can carts having soldiers passing using their community, kept in a resolve courses and you will links.
The new Mennonites settlers founded 27 territories. The greatest ones is Halbshtadt (now Molochansk). In the first place there are from the 250 parents. Inside 1809, they were joined by other 600 Protestant families.
A beneficial Mennonite society was led from the spiritual leader (pastor). His duties was: preaching, pastoral proper care of souls, respect off community members, chapel punishment, religious education, the fresh new Lord’s Meal service and you will ordination of your own elected so you can serve the community elders and you will deacons.
Zero ceremonial ordination was held to have preachers: from the solemn atmosphere good presbyter illustrated these to town and you may told you a great prayer. Preachers was basically involved with the church activities of your senior: it applied marriage ceremonies, funerals, but didn’t baptize and you will serve the fresh new Lord’s Dinner. These were guilty of chapel assets, given help the indegent and you will organized the fresh charity service.
Attribute of Mennonites try seclusion and you can a desire to end get in touch with on outside globe
Even though the pastor, deacons and preachers managed the city, their large authority had been the newest fraternal council you to provided all of the male community professionals. It solved the difficulties of excommunication and you can acquired the brand new penitent, select elders, preachers and you will deacons from the magic vote, guilty of the fresh new practise and practice off church lives because of the bulk vote. Each and every area was completely separate.